What you need to know
- A vulnerability could allow attackers to access information stored in a system's protected kernel memory.
- All Windows PCs with an Intel processor built after 2012 are affected.
- A security patch is available to address the problem and has already rolled out through July's Patch Tuesday.
A newly found vulnerability puts all Windows PCs with an Intel processor built after 2012 at risk (via ZDNet). The side-channel attack can bypass protections that were put in place to protect devices from the Spectre and Meltdown exploits. A bug fix to the issue rolled out as part of July Patch Tuesday. Devices that have delayed the update or that are unsupported are still at risk.
The bug exploits SWAPGS, and as a result has gained the name SWAPGSAttack. If an attacker successfully utilized SWAPGSAttack, they could monitor and steal sensitive information without being noticed or leaving a trace. Bitdefender has a post explaining the vulnerability and has published a whitepaper on it. The post explains how an attack taking advantage of this vulnerability is unique.
The attack is a novel approach of leaking sensitive information from the kernel since it bypasses all known side-channel attack mitigation techniques. This is achieved by abusing the fact that SWAPGS instruction can be executed speculatively. An attacker can force arbitrary memory dereferences in kernel, which leaves traces within the data caches. These signals can be picked-up by the attacker to infer the value located at the given kernel address.
Bogdan Botezatu, director of threat research at Bitdefender, explained in a statement to ZDNet how the vulnerability could be used by an attacker to get sensitive data, including passwords.
It'll go through all of the alphabet letters up until it can infer what your password is. So I can infer information about your password by querying things. I can infer information about encryption keys you have on the device, I can infer information about everything that goes into that cache.
This type of attack is slower than some methods but can be used in situations in which an attacker has a long time.
BitDefender discovered the vulnerability and revealed it at a Black Hat session recently. Black Hat worked with Intel, Microsoft, and others to create the fix that rolled out as part of Patch Tuesday in July.
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VisionTek 8,000 mAh micro-USB power bank ($13 at Dell)
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Belkin Qi Wireless Charging Pad ($30 at Dell)
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