Lenovo ThinkPad P1 vs. ThinkPad P53: Which is better for you?

Lenovo ThinkPad P1 (Gen 2)
Lenovo ThinkPad P1 (Gen 2) (Image credit: Windows Central)

Lenovo ThinkPad P1 vs. ThinkPad P53 tech specs

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Header Cell - Column 0 ThinkPad P1 (Gen 2)ThinkPad P53
Processor9th Gen IntelCore i5-9400H vProCore i7-9750HCore i7-9850H vProCore i9-9980H vProXeon E-2276M vPro9th Gen IntelCore i5-9400H vProCore i7-9750HCore i7-9850H vProCore i9-9980H vProXeon E-2276M vPro
RAM8GB, 16GB, 32GB, 64GBDDR4-2666MHzECC or non-ECC8GB, 16GB, 32GB, 64GB, 128GBDDR4-2666MHzECC or non-ECC
GraphicsIntel UHD Graphics 630NVIDIA Quadro T1000NVIDIA Quadro T2000NVIDIA Quadro T1000NVIDIA Quadro T2000NVIDIA Quadro RTX 3000NVIDIA Quadro RTX 4000NVIDIA Quadro RTX 5000
Storage256GB, 512GB, 1TB, 2TBM.2 PCIe SSD256GB, 512GB, 1TB, 2TBM.2 PCIe SSD
Display15.6 inches1920x1080 (FHD) IPSFHD, HDR4003840x2160 (UHD), HDR400UHD OLED, touch, HDR50015.6 inches1920x1080 (FHD) IPSFHD, HDR4003840x2160 (UHD), HDR400UHD OLED, touch, HDR500
PortsTwo USB-A 3.1Two Thunderbolt 3HDMI 2.0Ethernet extension connector3.5mm audioSD card readerTwo USB-A 3.1Two Thunderbolt 3USB-C 3.1HDMI 2.0RJ45 Ethernet3.5mm audioSD card reader
AudioDual 2W speakersDolby AtmosDual 2W speakersDolby Atmos
WirelessIntel AX200 (2x2)802.11ax (Wi-Fi 6)Bluetooth 5.0Intel AX200 (2x2)802.11ax (Wi-Fi 6)Bluetooth 5.0
CameraFront-facing 720pFront-facing 720p
SecuritySmartCard reader (optional)ThinkShutter webcam coverIR camera (optional)dTPM 2.0Fingerprint readerFIDO authenticationKensington lock slotSmartCard reader (optional)ThinkShutter webcam coverIR camera (optional)dTPM 2.0Fingerprint readerFIDO authenticationKensington lock slot
TouchpadPrecisionTrackPoint systemPrecisionTrackPoint system
Battery80Wh135W AC adapter90Wh230W or 170W AC adapter
Dimensions14.24 x 9.67 x 0.74 inches(361.8mm x 245.7mm x 18.7mm)14.85 x 9.93 x 0.96 inches(377.4mm x 252.3mm x 24.5mm)
WeightNon-touch: 3.75 pounds (1.7kg)Touch: 4.0 pounds (1.81kg)Non-touch: 5.51 pounds (2.5kg)Touch: 6.4 pounds (2.9kg)

Design and features

The ThinkPad P53 and P1 both have the traditional ThinkPad look with black soft-touch finish and aluminum alloy base. They've both undergone MIL-STD testing to ensure they'll withstand scenarios harsher than typically found in an office setting. The P53 is the thicker laptop, and it weighs significantly more, especially when a touch display is included. If you need to remain mobile, the P1 is going to be easier to carry around, though it doesn't offer optional 4G LTE connectivity like the P53. Both laptops have Wi-Fi 6 connectivity for fast wireless speeds.

Both laptops have an excellent keyboard, though only the P53 has a number pad included. You're going to get a comfortable typing experience on either, and crunching numbers will be easier on the P53. Both also include a TrackPoint system with red pointing nub and physical buttons, as well as a Precision touchpad.

Source: Windows Central (Image credit: Source: Windows Central)

The P53's chunkier body has an extra USB-C port compared to the P1, and it also has a full-size Ethernet port rather than a proprietary Ethernet dongle connector. Both have two USB-A, two Thunderbolt 3, HDMI, 3.5mm audio, and an SD card reader. Port selection is rather generous, but you can always connect a powerful Thunderbolt 3 docking station for even more connectivity.

Due to the business nature of these laptops, both have plenty of security options. You get an optional Smart Card reader, FIDO authentication, fingerprint reader, Kensington lock slot, ThinkShutter webcam cover, and optional IR camera for facial recognition through Windows Hello.


The P53 and P1 both offer the same 15.6-inch display options, though the P1 has much thinner bezel due to the design. Baseline models have a non-touch 1920x1080 (FHD) display with about 300 nits brightness. This will save you the most money and will be suitable for productivity work, but there are much finer options available. If you want to stick with FHD, there is a non-touch display option with Dolby Vision HDR400 and about 500 nits brightness.

For the best look and to get Pantone X-Rite calibration, there are two 4K UHD models available. The first is non-touch and has Dolby Vision HDR400, as well as 100% AdobeRGB color gamut coverage. It manages about 500 nits of brightness. The other more premium option is a 4K OLED touch display with Dolby Vision HDR500 and 100% DCI-P3 color gamut coverage. It's the best option for specialized work, though it does suck up the most battery.

Performance and price

Source: Windows Central (Image credit: Source: Windows Central)

The P1 and P53 have the same Intel processor (CPU) options, with vPro and non-vPro hardware available. Both start with a 9th Gen Core i5 and both can be upped to a beefy 9th Gen Core i9 for ultimate performance. Both laptops have dual M.2 PCIe SSD slots with up to 2TB of storage in each, and both can be upgraded after purchase. RAM can also be upgraded, though you can configure up to 128GB from the factory in the P53. The P1 tops out at 64GB from the factory. To help with specialized work, error-correcting code (ECC) RAM is available in both models.

Where performance differs is in the GPU. If you just need a durable laptop for standard work, the P1 starts with integrated Intel graphics. It can also be configured with an NVIDIA Quadro T1000 or Quadro T2000 dedicated GPU for extra power. That's where it maxes out, though, whereas the P53 also offers NVIDIA Quadro RTX 3000, 4000, and 5000 GPUs. The RTX 5000 costs a ton of money, but it has 16GB of VRAM for insane performance. If you're a developer or designer who needs ultimate performance, the P53 is going to have what you need.

Both laptops come with plenty of ISV certifications that ensure the systems will work with popular software in design and development fields. As for the battery, the P53's is larger, though its powerful hardware is more of a drain. In either case, you'll want to keep the AC adapter close at hand if you're going to make it through a workday.

Go with the ThinkPad P1 for a more mobile workstation

Lenovo's ThinkPad P1 isn't as powerful as the P53 and is lacking some features (like optional LTE and full-size Ethernet), but it's more portable and brings stellar display options. If you don't need the extra powerful hardware available in the P53, the P1 should be a better choice.

Stick with the ThinkPad P53 for most performance

Need LTE connectivity or NVIDIA Quadro RTX graphics? Don't mind a heavier, chunkier laptop? The ThinkPad P53 is no doubt going to be your best shot, but beware of the high-end prices.

Cale Hunt

Cale Hunt brings to Windows Central more than eight years of experience writing about laptops, PCs, accessories, games, and beyond. If it runs Windows or in some way complements the hardware, there’s a good chance he knows about it, has written about it, or is already busy testing it.