Microsoft working to fix Office document vulnerability on Windows 10

Office desktop apps
Office desktop apps (Image credit: Windows Central)

What you need to know

  • Microsoft is looking into a vulnerability that lets attackers target people's PCs by using Office documents.
  • Mitigations and workarounds for the vulnerability are outlined by Microsoft.
  • The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency tweeted a statement encouraging people to look at Microsoft's advisory for the vulnerability.

Microsoft is looking into a report of a remote code execution vulnerability in MSHTML that affects Windows. The company explains in a security report (opens in new tab) that it is aware of targeted attacks that attempt to exploit the vulnerability by using Microsoft Office documents. Both Microsoft Defender Antivirus and Microsoft Defender for Endpoint provide detection and protection for the vulnerability.

Microsoft explains that an attacker could use malicious ActiveX control that's hidden within an Office document. Threat actors craft these documents in a way that could trick people into enabling the ActiveX control. Microsoft does not specifically mention the recent "Windows 11 Alpha" malware attacks, but the methods used in that attack appear similar to what Microsoft describes in its report.

The attacks mentioned by Microsoft also appear to be connected to the upcoming change in how Office handles Trusted Documents. The Microsoft 365 roadmap outlines that Office 365 will soon follow IT administrator policies that block Active Content in Trusted Documents.

Microsoft outlines mitigations and workarounds for the issue that admins can utilize now. The company explains that "by default, Microsoft Office opens documents from the internet in Protected View or Application Guard for Office both of which prevent the current attack."

People can also disable the installation of ActiveX controls in Internet Explorer to mitigate the attack. It's important to note that editing the registry comes with risks if done incorrectly.

The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency encourages people to look through Microsoft's mitigations and workarounds.

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After Microsoft completes its investigation, it may roll out updates for the issue through normal Patch Tuesday updates or out-of-cycle security updates.

Sean Endicott
News Writer and apps editor

Sean Endicott brings nearly a decade of experience covering Microsoft and Windows news to Windows Central. He joined our team in 2017 as an app reviewer and now heads up our day-to-day news coverage. If you have a news tip or an app to review, hit him up at sean.endicott@futurenet.com (opens in new tab).